The basics of golf are simple enough. All you need is a club, a golf ball, a fairway and a hole. The object of the game is to get the ball into the hole with the least amount of shots possible. Most golf courses are either nine or 18 holes. Each and every fairway – the grass between the tee area and the green – is different and this is what makes the game so fascinating.
Each hole is bordered by rough, which as implies, is rough grass. You want to avoid that, because it is much harder to get a shot onto the green from a rough area than it is from the fairway, where the grass is much shorter.
Some holes may also feature one or more bunkers, which are essentially sand pits which are designed to slow you down. Getting the ball out of there is not as simple as it sounds and requires the use of a sand wedge to get back onto the fairway.
Most golf courses feature a mixture of holes, normally par threes, par fours and a couple of par fives. This, simply put, means that the expected number of strokes for each hole is three, four and five respectively. If you manage to sink your putt in the specified amount, it is called a par, meaning that there will be no change to your score. But if you go over the par, then a +1 or more will be added to your score.
If you score under par, then the amount of strokes is deducted from your score. Put simply, the smaller (even minus) your score, the better you are doing. Sinking a shot from the tee is called a hole in one, one shot under the par is a birdie and two shots under the par is known as an eagle.